There are many software options available for professional web designers / developers. The software can be broken down into different categories, but ultimately depends on the website solution or application being designed / developed.
Administrative / Planning
Microsoft Word is great for creating sitemaps and notes for your web projects.
Photoshop is the most widely used program for creating wireframes and designing websites. While there are other options available for creating your design layouts for a website Photoshop tops them all.
Adobe XD is a vector-based tool not only for front-end design but also prototyping user experience on websites and mobile apps.
Illustrator is used by professional designers to create graphics / illustrations for web projects.
InDesign is another great program which gives you a lot of useful options for integration text and images.
WordPress is probably the most widely used CMS (Content Management System) today. It is easy to use, widely available and highly customizable. One of the nice things about WordPress is that there are an enormous amount of free tutorials available online to help those who are just getting started using it.
Dreamweaver is fantastic program for building websites. With its visual design and code editor a developer can create webpages by adding and editing html code.
Google Web Designer is another very useful option for creating modern and exciting HTML5 content. Its options include animation and interactive elements which give todays designers and developers everything they need.
Notepad++ is a lightweight text editor for Windows which has extension support for developers. While great for hand programming small static website it lacks in features for advanced programming.
Atom is known as the hackable text editor for the 21st Century. What makes Atom so unique is it allows multiple developers to collaborate on a single project in real-time, giving them the power to share knowledge and produce better software collectively as a team.
Brackets is another great choice for web developers of all experience levels that was created by Adobe Systems. This code editor is lightweight, yet powerful, and offers a wide range of robust extensions to customize anything and everything you need to enhance the quality of your work.
Sublime Text is a sophisticated text editor with many more features than Notepad++. A great program for hand coding small and large website, and available for Windows, Linux and OS X.
Testing / Debugging
Browserstack web based software used for cross-browser testing. There is a monthly fee for the service, but very much worth the cost for developing cross-browser friendly websites.
Google Chrome Inspector is a great tool for testing and debugging websites and webpages. To use it, obviously you must be using the Google Chrome web browser, go to the web page you want to inspect and right click on your mouse. After right clicking a small drop down list will appear and simply select “inspect” and it will open up the tool. Incredibly useful!
The software you ultimately choose or may need depends on the type of website being programmed. This post primarily focuses on web design and frontend programming software. There are many more software options and needs for developers depending on the complexity and architecture of the program.